Sunday, May 5, 2013

Luigi Pirandello's "Six Characters in Search of an Author" .

Eric Bentley credits Pirandello as being the first playwright to actually use the stage as a stage. In his most reknown masterpiece "Six Characters in Search of an Author" Pirandello uses stage in the most unique way. The play is an absurdist metatheatrical play about the relationship between authors, their characters, and theatre practitioners. It premiered at the Teatro Valle in Rome to a mixed reception, with shouts from the audience of "Manicomio!" ("Madhouse!"). I wonder how many in the audience realized that the "madhouse" they had witnessed was a turning point in the history of drama. 



When the lights come up on Luigi Pirandello’s Six Characters in Search of an Author (1921), the first thing the audience sees is a bare stage, with no scenery and only a few folding tables and chairs scattered about.The curtain is up, the stage is empty of props and background, and the lights illuminate the bare wall at the back of the stage. A stage-hand is starting to build a set, but the stage manager interrupts him to say that it is time for rehearsal. The producer and a company of actors arrive and begin reading out stage directions; the actors complain about the script, but the producer (who also serves as director) explains that he “can’t get hold of good French plays any more so that now we’re reduced to putting on plays by Pirandello.”

The play they are rehearsing is called "The Rules of the Game". It is an actual play by Pirandello. The technique he uses here is called "play within a play", which is an ancient concept and a frquently used technique in theatre. But in this play Pirandello took the  metatheatrical games to a new level. 


Suddenly, this ordinary rehearsal is interrupted by the sudden entrance of six characters . This characters are simply identified as Father, Mother, Stepdaughter, Son, Boy, and Girl. They are six unfinished characters who have stories to tell, stories of their lives, but it is not fully written. They were abandoned by their author so they are searching for a new one in hopes of completing their story. As Pirandello says in his 1925 introduction to the play: "Every creature of fantasy and art, in order to exist, must have his drama, that is, a drama in which he may be a character and for which he is a character. This drama is the character's raison d'etre, his vital function, necessary for his existence."  

The play than proceeds with the characters telling their stories, some scenes of incidents in their lives, which are accompanied by comments, quarrels, dialogues, interactions among the characters, between the characters and the actors, the director and the characters etc. It creates a theatrical Hall of Mirror effect. The actors who will acting the parts of this six characters become the audience of their life story. For them the stage becomes more real then the world and  the line between reality and acting, imagination and fiction becomes blurred .













Thursday, February 28, 2013

How Much Water To Drink A Day?


Water is our body's principal chemical component and makes up about 60 percent of our body weight. Research shows us that the body needs water to function correctly (from helping the brain to work at its optimum, to eliminating waste).
Enough water helps your energy levels to be more consistent, improves concentration & is helpful to people with gut problems such as IBS and constipation. As the cells of your skin & cells at the roots of your hair will be hydrated, your skin will be clearer and hair bouncier!
How much water to drink a day? Though there is a rough estimation of 2.5 liters a day, needs vary by individual. The water needs depend on many factors, including lifestyle, health status, size & weight, how active people are and where they live, the climate they live in, and if they’re pregnant or breast-feeding.
If you don’t drink enough water to replenish your daily needs you can get dehydrated. If you think you may not be getting enough fluids, check if you have any of these other common signs of dehydration:
One of the first signs of dehydration is feeling thirsty,
Dark-colored urine and not passing much urine when you go to the toilet,
    Headaches,
    Lack of energy,
  & Feeling lightheaded.

What is the amount of fluid needed by an average, healthy adult living in a temperate climate? According to the Institute of Medicine an adequate intake (AI) for men is roughly 3 liters (about 13 cups) of total beverages a day. The AI for women is 2.2 liters (about 9 cups) of total beverages a day. The Institute also recommends that pregnant women drink 2.3 liters (about 10 cups) of fluids daily and women who breast-feed consume 3.1 liters (about 13 cups) of fluids a day.

To many people water is boring, but the more you drink, the less of a chore it becomes. In fact your body learns to recognize it and crave it when dehydrated.
Though it helps to stagger your water intake throughout the day rather than going for hours without anything, then downing half a liter - if you do this your kidneys will struggle and you'll find yourself dashing to the loo.
Water is the healthiest choice of drink because it has no calories and contains no sugars that can damage teeth. Don’t like the taste of plain water, add a slice of lemon or lime, or try sparkling water. You could also add some squash or fruit juice for flavor.
Milk and juice are good source for our fluid needs too.
Milk contains calcium, vitamins and other minerals, and does not cause tooth decay.
As for fruit juice and fruit smoothies, they contain a variety of vitamins that are good for our health. But while their water content is high, they can contain quite a lot of sugar that can damage teeth. And Smoothies should be treated as a food, not a drink, because they contain very little water. So it’s better to stick to one glass a day.
Fruits that have high level of water in them are healthy fluid source too.
Fizzy drinks, diet versions of fizzy drinks, squashes contain lots of sugar and very few nutrients, so keep them to a minimum.
Some nutritionists and doctors say that 2.5 liters of squash a day will hydrate your body in the same way as plain water, which is physiologically correct. But this amount of squash will also give you a lot of other substances, from sugar or artificial sweeteners to additives and preservatives, which can affect behavior, energy levels and your waistline, as well as dental health.
Getting children to drink fewer sugary drinks is a good way to reduce the amount of sugar they consume. Children who drink a lot of sugary drinks are more likely to become overweight and have damaged teeth.
The best drinks to give children are water, milk and milkshakes without added sugar. If you or your children like fizzy drinks, try diluting fruit juice with sparkling water instead. Remember to dilute squashes well to reduce the sugar content in the drink.
Sports drinks & Energy drinks are no different to any other sugary soft drinks, which mean they are high in calories and contribute to tooth decay. Energy drinks also often contain high levels of caffeine & Sports drinks can be only useful if you are taking part in endurance sports.
Energy drinks are not suitable for babies, children or pregnant woman.
For adults beer, wine and caffeinated beverages — such as coffee, tea or soda — can contribute, but these should not become a major source for your daily total fluid intake.
And pregnant women should have no more than 200mg of caffeine a day( One mug of instant coffee contains around 100mg of caffeine). High levels of caffeine can result in babies having a low birth weight, which can increase the risk of health problems in later life. It might also cause miscarriage.
Try to choose healthier drinks as part of a healthy, balanced diet. Water, however, is a pure liquid with virtually no additives and the healthiest drink there is.
To ward off dehydration and make sure your body has the fluids it needs, make water your beverage of choice. It's also a good idea to:
Drink a glass of water before going to sleep & in the morning after waking up.
Drink a glass of water or other calorie-free or low-calorie beverage with each meal and between each meal.
 Drink water before, during and after exercise.
Try keeping a small water bottle in your bag when you go outside and drink a little whenever you are thirsty.
So Try to drink enough water & don't forget to encourage your children to drink water, too, aiming for around four to six glasses a day. And if you have specific concerns or questions about how much fluid you need, check with your doctor.



There are also some Hydration Calculator on inetrtnet you use to get an idea of how much water you need to drink. The links are given bellow

nutrition.about.com
miniwebtool.com




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Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Currently reading:-The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is one of the most famous and widely read novel written by Robert Louis Stevenson. Through the character of Dr.Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Stevenson  gives an extraordinary peak into human psychology and the eternal battle of Good vs Evil that goes in there. Though through Jekyll's character Stevenson states that it might not be all Black and white and there is a lot of grey. In the Book Jekyll himself notes that a person may be divided into many more than two distinct personalities — he expects that researchers in the future will discover that a person is made up of many different selves, which we now know to be True. The real scary thing is the realization that deep down inside of us we all have Mr.Hyde that if given opportunity can take over and shove our normal selves to the side. But what’s more is the secret desire or curiosity to let out the monster within us to live outside of the laws of the social order and press on the restrictions of the society.But If you don't want to think about all this things or any psychological mumbo-jumbo, you can still enjoy the Book as the wonderful classic literature it is. And what more, it is short too.





Monday, February 25, 2013

Budget phone, helpful sites & links

Hi again. So as you already know, I need a new handset and I am searching the net to find one that will suit me. As I was surfing for more information on handsets I came upon these sites that have a lot of information on Budget phone. If you're on a tight budget but still want a decent  phone then Budget Phones are perfect for you. Though Compared to most Smartphones they can be considered low on apps and not that packed , but hey, they are cheaper.
So here is some website I thought are helpful if you are looking for phones on a budget.


I think everyone knows the first one on the list.

cnet.co.uk
techradar.com
cell-phones.toptenreviews.com
confused.com


This are sites for Chinese handset . For people who are interested,
pandawill.com
chinatronic.com
chinabuye.com

This sites are for handsets in India,
techulator.com
pricebaba.com
mobiles.pricedekho.com
pricedealsindia.com
gizjets.com

This site is a little different. I came upon it while surfing. It has some advice on Contracts,Tarrifs & PAYG .

moneysavingexpert


Hope This post is helpful. Goodbye.


Friday, February 22, 2013

Buying A New Mobile phone?

Hello Every1. This post is for those who are thinking of buying mobile phone handsets and can't decide between all the different models & brands. As my current handset was giving me trouble for quite sometime and I was thinking of buying a new one I decided to surf the net for Info and do some research. So while surfing the internet I found this websites which to me seemed helpful. So I thought i should share the links of this sites with people who are in the same situation, trying to decide which one to buy or which will suit the needs better. So here it is, a list of sites that gives info and comparison between handsets.


phone Arena.com
geekaphone.com
venturebeat.com
mobile88.com
smartprix.com
theverge.com
gsmarena.com
moneysupermarket.com
tech2.in.com
expertreviews.co.uk




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Wednesday, February 13, 2013

HELLO

Hello every1. This is my 1st Blog. It's not finished and I am still working on it. Still not sure what i want to do in it. But if you took the time and visited this Blog then "Thank You" and hope you will visit again.
Goodbye & TC.